Reduce OSD Time

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redudeosd

Reduce OSD Time

1. Set High Performance Power Plan

  • This has proven in multiple environments that I have been to save 20% – 50% on certain steps, such as download/apply the OS. Also note that by default configmgr while in WinPE will run power setting set to balanced, so making sure we use all resources we can see a major win from this piece. I also set this to prvent systems from going to sleep during the TS.

2. Set SMS Host Agent start-up options

  • By default the SMS Host Agent (CcmExec) service is set to a delayed start. So every time you restart the system during the OSD Process and you see the “initializing System Center Configuration client” you are just costing time. In my environment this message would usually last 2 – 5 minutes each restart. Once I implemented this we noticed the configmgr client would only take < 15 seconds to initialize, that is a savings of 800% – 2000% for this specific task sequence action.
  • Frank Rojas whom is one Microsofts CSS Lead OSD Engineer has let me know that this has POTENTIAL for failures in a TS. So please know that if you use this step please understand it is not supported by Microsoft. I have not personally seen any problems with this, but I do understand there is possible for OSD failure as a result.

3. Set SMSTSRebootDelay

  • This will change the default behavior from 30 seconds to 0 seconds and occur immediately
4. Set manual Restart times (for displayed messages)
  • By default when you add a restart computer step into the TS the time is set to 60 seconds. Simply by un-checking the “Notify the User before restarting” box you now force the restart immediately. Should you need to actually display a message you can just reduce the amount of time this box is displayed.
5. Eliminate unnecessary restarts / steps
  • I have seen several customer environments that had 8 or more restart steps in their TS. Whenever you have a restart in a TS you can assume usually 2 – 5 minutes are added to the total TS time. I would recommend investigating the status messages for exit codes indicating a restart is necessary before you start modifying a customers task sequence. Many of my peers usually have only 2 or 3 restarts in their TS as they have streamlined their deployments.
  • MVP Mick Pletcher has a great post on how to handle restarts in your TS. Basically add a condition statement to check if the system needs a restart you can read about it and implement it here
6. Patch the WIM
  • This will of course help you out on the install software update steps in your TS. The more patches that are in your WIM, the less to process later. I tend to bake office and patches into the WIM. I’m not a fan of having really thick images loaded with several 3rd party apps that can be installed during ts.
7. Verify boundaries are efficient
  • This should be another no-brainier idea, but you will be surprised. I’ve seen customer environments where a machine from the east cost USA would pull down images from the middle east….like there is literally an entire ocean btwn the DP and the workstation..
8. Prevent OOBE From connecting to Windows Update
  • I’ve seen in the SMSTS.LOG before that a system I was imaging was trying to reach out to windows update. Some places you are confined to image from certain vlans only and you can block this communication at the firewall. In my TS I modify the Registry to prevent this action from occurring. Unfortunately this was something changed in my TS a long time ago so I did not grab a screenshot. I can edit this post when I get around to making the next revision of changes in the updated WIM. (Thanks Todd)
BEFORE MODIFICATIONS

On my test experiment the OSD process would take around 100 – 110 minutes…that’s nearly two hours, and wayyyy too long.

 

I like to use Thomas Larsens OSD Dashboard when I keep track of some Task sequence information like this. Please check out his blog here. I believe this dashboard is a must have for every SCCM admin.
 
AFTER MODIFICATIONS

Screenshot after changes OSD Times. We see below that this has been reduced to 36 minutes. I am positive I can actually get this to 32 minutes or less, but for now I will leave good enough alone. This test shows that we have cut the OSD time to less than 1/3 of the time. I’ve been in other environments where they had the image process take 24+ hours, but that is mainly boundary related issues.

 

TS MODIFICATIONS

 

Power settings: I kind of have this littered everywhere in my TS before major time consuming steps like apply OS, install patches, install apps, etc.

Name: Set High Performance Power Scheme
Command Line: PowerCfg.exe /s 8c5e7fda-e8bf-4a96-9a85-a6e23a8c635c
 
SMS Host Agent Start-Up Properties: This only needs to go in 1 place right after you install the SCCM Client. 


NameSet SMS Host agent to start immediately
Command Linecmd /c sc config “CcmExec” start= auto







Dynamic Variables: I have all my variables set here. These are for resiliency, and speed.

 



Prevent OOBE from Downloading Drivers:

NameMount the Offline HKLM File
Command Linereg load HKLMOffline C:WindowsSystem32ConfigSoftware

NameSet DODownloadMode
Command LineREG ADD HKLMOfflineSOFTWAREPoliciesMicrosoftWindowsDeliveryOptimization /v DODownloadMode /t REG_DWORD /d 100

NameSet DoNotConnectToWindowsUpdate
Command LineREG ADD HKLMOfflineSOFTWAREPoliciesMicrosoftWindowsWindowsUpdate /v DoNotConnectToWindowsUpdateInternetLocations /t REG_DWORD /d 1

NameUnmount the Offline HKLM File
Command Linereg unload HKLMOffline





End of TS to change back to default (if wanted)
 

 

NameSet SMS Host agent to start delayed
Command Linecmd /c sc config “CcmExec” start= delayed-auto
 

Name: Set Balanced Power Scheme
Command LinePowerCfg.exe /s 381b4222-f694-41f0-9685-ff5bb260df2e




 

NOTE: 
This customer has unnecessary restarts in their OSD design, and were not very streamlined. Things in this version of the TS can be easily baked into the WIM on the next image refresh with the build/capture TS i provided for the customer. There are things that are slow during this TS like install Visual J+, or .Net Framework 3.5 that would reduce the OSD time if baked into image. 

Other things to reduce OSD Time: 
I still have unnecessary install software update/restart steps in the TS as a sort of catch all. These systems come out fully patched, but are left enable in case I do not get time to capture and test a new wim one month.

Prevent
I have seen in the SMSTS.LOG where systems would try to reach out to windows updates for patches instead of staying within my environment. This can be changed via registry modification…I have this in place in my environment but did not capture screenshots when I saw it in the log files. 

14 replies
  1. Jason Sandys
    Jason Sandys says:

    sc is really sc.exe so no need to launch it using cmd.exe — that's like inception.

    Nice list of steps though

    Reply
  2. Ram
    Ram says:

    Will it be possible to share the task sequence? I would like to import and make necessary changes and test within the lab. Appreciate your help in sharing the task sequence.

    Reply
  3. Marktwain Carpenter
    Marktwain Carpenter says:

    Great work. Thank you for the contribution. 3 quesitons:

    1.What are those time stamps on each step in your TS? like 4.2,6.3 etc.?
    2.Is there a better tool for viewing the SMSTS logs? I like doing the forensics in the logs, but cmtrace is a bad experience.
    3.Did i read somewhere that 1710 made some cleanup to the logs so they have only the most meaningful info in them?

    I have many of these steps in my TS and they really help alot. I JUST realized the other day i could set restart delay to 0. There are some things you are doing in the registry that i have not seen before though.
    My Task sequences install Office 2016 and a ton of apps, and are still under 50 minuntes when everything goes right.

    Reply
  4. Christopher Buck
    Christopher Buck says:

    1. I try to label each step so I can look at log files/the TS easier…the problem is keeping up with it lol.

    2. I like to use cmtrace so Idk any other tools out there that are as good.

    3. I'm not following.

    Yeah, it looks like your TS is already in great shape.

    Reply
  5. Christopher Buck
    Christopher Buck says:

    no worries! I know I am not all that great when it comes to writing. I"m surprised I have not received as many calls for clarification etc.

    Anyways. I appreciate your time in reading the blog, and I'll work to better explain items in future posts!.

    Reply
    • Mike Murray
      Mike Murray says:

      Hi Christopher, could you *please* post a picture of your full task sequence so we can see where all thee steps go? My org would really like ti implement your method, but I need to be sure where everything goes before I do.

      Thank you!

      Reply
  6. powerpunch
    powerpunch says:

    I'd be wary of changing the ccmexec service startup type to auto. If I recall correctly, Microsoft experimented with changing the startup type by default in a previous version of ConfigMgr. I think it was SCCM 2012 R2 CU3, and that maybe they changed it back in CU4 and via hotfix for CU3. We noticed that the automatic start type caused OSD application installs to sometimes fail if, for instance, the network was not yet available before the service started.

    It's been 2 or 3 years since I tried to change the service startup type in SCCM and have not tried in current branch. If you try it, just be on the lookout for a similar issue. You might be able to get away with it in some environments but not others.

    For reference, see https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/help/3026739/description-of-cumulative-update-4-for-system-center-2012-r2-configura
    or
    https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/help/3007095/applications-may-not-be-downloaded-in-system-center-2012-r2-configurat

    Reply
  7. Chris Buck
    Chris Buck says:

    I was not aware of this potential issue, but I can see how it can occur.

    I TS variables in my TS to add resiliency for network hiccups but could work for this too.

    great research! You the man!!!

    Reply

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