Bitlocker SSD Vulnerability

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STATUS MESSAGE ID 11756

Bitlocker SSD Vulnerability

Hey all this is a super short and easy blogpost. Recently we saw some chatter online about a bitlocker ssd vulnerability. You can read about it here. Many environments will have concerns about how you can identify these systems, and how to report on this topic for management.  At my customers site we leverage the Compliance item created by my PFE @Brandon Linton. This compliance Item is useful for inventorying bit-locker status and inventorying hard drive media type. You can read about the compliance item on his blog.

in my SQL query / SSRS I’m reporting on more than just the bitlocker issue, but also a few other security features. I kind of like to always be able to see what is encrypted vs not, what is UEFI vs BIOS, Secureboot vs not, etc.

select  distinct

       VRS.NetBios_Name0 [System Name],

                 VRS.AD_Site_Name0 AS [AD Site Name],

       CSD.Model00 AS [System Model],

       CASE OSD.Version00 

                     WHEN '6.1.7601' THEN 'Windows 7'

                     WHEN '10.0.10586' THEN '1511'

                     WHEN '10.0.14393' THEN '1607'

                     WHEN '10.0.15063' THEN '1703'

                     WHEN '10.0.16299' THEN '1709'

                     WHEN '10.0.17134' then '1803'

      END AS [Windows Version],

       Case SMS_G_System_FIRMWARE.UEFI00

              When '0' THEN 'Legacy'

              WHEN '1' THEN 'UEFI'

       END AS [UEFI Information],

       CASE SMS_G_System_FIRMWARE.SecureBoot00

              WHEN '0' THEN 'Off'

              WHEN '1' THEN 'Secure Boot'

       END AS [Secure Boot Status],

       CASE EV.ProtectionStatus00

              WHEN '0' THEN 'not encrypted'

              WHEN '1' THEN 'encrypted'

        WHEN '2' THEN 'Encrypted Requires Pin'

       END AS [Bitlocker Status],

          BLE.VolumeStatus0,

          BLE.Bustype0, -- 

          BLE.disktype0 AS [Disk Type],

          BLE.DiskSize0,

          BLE.EncryptionMethod0 AS [Encryption Method],

          CASE

                    -- WHEN BLE.EncryptionMethod0 = 'None' THEN 'ENCRYPT NOW' -- did not use this b/c many systems not reported encryption method data back

                    WHEN EV.ProtectionStatus00 = '0' THEN 'Encrypt Now'

                    WHEN BLE.EncryptionMethod0 = 'Aes128' THEN 'Not Vulnerable'

                                 WHEN BLE.EncryptionMethod0 = 'Aes256Diffuser' THEN 'Not Vulnerable'

                                 WHEN BLE.EncryptionMethod0 = 'Aes128' THEN 'Not Vulnerable'

                                 WHEN BLE.EncryptionMethod0 IS NULL THEN 'Not Inventoried'

                                 WHEN BLE.EncryptionMethod0 = 'XtsAes128' THEN 'Not Vulnerable'

                    WHEN BLE.disktype0 = 'SSD' AND BLE.EncryptionMethod0 = 'HardwareEncryption' THEN 'Vulnerable'

                                 ELSE 'Not Vulnerable'

          END AS [Vulnerable],

          CASE

                    WHEN dg.VirtualizationBasedSecurityS0 = '0' THEN 'VBS Not Enabled' -- 

                    WHEN dg.VirtualizationBasedSecurityS0 = '1' THEN 'VBS is Enabled, but not running'

                    WHEN dg.VirtualizationBasedSecurityS0 = '2' THEN 'VBS is enabled and running' -- cred guard running

          END AS [Credential Guard]

from

       v_R_System_Valid AS VRS 

       INNER JOIN Computer_System_DATA AS CSD ON CSD.MachineID = VRS.ResourceID 

       INNER JOIN Firmware_DATA AS SMS_G_System_FIRMWARE ON SMS_G_System_FIRMWARE.MachineID = VRS.ResourceID

       INNER JOIN Operating_System_DATA AS OSD ON OSD.MachineID = VRS.ResourceID  

       INNER JOIN ENCRYPTABLE_VOLUME_DATA AS EV ON EV.MachineID = VRS.ResourceID

       LEFT JOIN v_FullCollectionMembership_Valid AS VCM on VRS.ResourceID = VCM.ResourceID

          LEFT JOIN V_GS_BitLockerExtended AS BLE on BLE.ResourceID = VRS.ResourceID

          LEFT JOIN v_GS_DEVICE_GUARD AS DG on DG.ResourceID = VRS.ResourceID

Where

       EV.DriveLetter00 = 'C:'

       -- AND CSD.Model00 not in ('VMware Virtual Platform', 'Virtual Machine', 'VMware7,1')

       AND EV.ProtectionStatus00 IS NOT NULL

          AND SMS_G_System_FIRMWARE.SecureBoot00 IS NOT NULL

          AND dg.VirtualizationBasedSecurityS0 is not null

       --AND BLE.disktype0 = 'SSD'

       --AND EV.ProtectionStatus00 = '0' -- not encrypted 

       --AND EV.ProtectionStatus00 = '1' -- encrypted

Example of Query Results:

 

Example of Reporting: Bitlocker SSD Vulnerability

 

I believe there is a CU that is coming out to remediate a few things. So this may be obsolete soon.

ALSO CHECK: Leverage Windows Analytics for Modern Ops 

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